HAL LCH

TYPE: Attack helicopter.

PROGRAMME: Derivative of Dhruv; displayed in model form at Paris Air Show, June 2001 as LAH (light attack helicopter) proposal, but was restyled LCH, signifying light combat. Original slimmed-down 'gunship' fuselage now discarded and basic Dhruv airframe retained except for forward fuselage modified to tandem crew seating. Officially launched 5 February 2003 and replaces earlier LOH programme, which now to be met by foreign design. LCH scheduled to fly in 2005; intended to augment, and eventually replace, Indian Air Force Mi-35 fleet.

DESIGN FEATURES: Generally as for Dhruv except for modified nose section with tandem crew seating. Four-blade hingeless main rotor with swept blade tips. Intended for anti-tank, close air support, air-to-air combat and scout roles.

STRUCTURE: Extensive use of composites to reduce radar signature.

LANDING GEAR: Non-retractable and crashworthy tricycle type.

POWER PLANT: Two 895 kW (1,200 shp) Turbomeca/HAL TM333-2C2 Ardiden 1H turboshafts (Indian name Shakti) with FADEC, derated to 798 kW (1,070 shp).

ACCOMMODATION: Crew of two in tandem; ergonomic cockpit.

SYSTEMS: Four-axis autostabilisation system; anti-resonance isolation system (ARIS).

AVIONICS: Instrumentation: Dual MFDs in each cockpit.
Mission: FLIR, TV and laser range-finder/designator; helmet-mounted sights.
Self-defence: Radar and laser warning receivers; MAWS; chaff/flare dispenser.

ARMAMENT: Undernose 20 mm cannon. Stub-wing hardpoints for ASMs, AAMs or rocket launchers.

 

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