TYPE: Two seat jet trainer
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: France
POWERPLANTS: CM 170-1 - Two 3.94kN (880lb) Maborè IIA turbojets. CM 170-2 -Two 4.74kN (1058lb) Maborè VICs.
PERFORMANCE: CM 170-1 - Max speed 715km/h (385kt) at 29,925ft, 650km/h (350kt) at sea level. Max initial rate of climb 3345ft/min. Service ceiling 36,090ft. Ferry range with auxiliary fuel 1200km (650nm), range with standard fuel 925km (500nm). CM 170-2 - Max speed clean 745km/h (402kt) at 30,000ft, 700km/h (378kt) at sea level. Max initial rate of climb 3540ft/min. Service ceiling 44,300ft. Range 1250km (675nm).
WEIGHTS: CM 170-1 - Empty equipped 2150kg (4740lb), max takeoff 3200kg (7055lb). CM 170-2 - Empty equipped 2310kg (5093lb), max takeoff 3200kg (7055lb).
DIMENSIONS: Wing span over tip tanks 12.15m (39ft 10in), span without tip tanks 11.40m (37ft 5in), length 10.06m (33ft Oin), height 2.80m (9ft 2in). Wing area 17.3m2 (186.1sq ft).
ACCOMMODATION: Standard seating for two in tandem.
ARMAMENT: Two 7.5mm or 7.62mm fixed machine guns mounted in the nose. Underwing hardpoints can carry bombs, rockets and Nord AS.12 air-to-ground missiles.
OPERATORS: Bangladesh, Cameroon, France, Gabon, Ireland, Israel, Libya, Morocco, El Salvador, Senegambia, Togo.
HISTORY: The Magister was the first aircraft in the world specifically designed as a jet trainer, and was arguably postwar France's first successful world class military aircraft.
The Magister resulted from a French Air Force requirement for a jet powered trainer. The basic aircraft was conceived by Fouga designers Castello and Mauboussin (hence the CM prefix) in 1950. The first of three prototypes flew for the first time on June 27 1951, the type's promising performance leading to a French air force order for 10 pre production aircraft. Prolonged testing and development of the aircraft followed, with the first pre production aircraft not flying for the first time until June 1954 and the first production aircraft (for the French Air Force) on February 29 1956.
The Magister proved an ideal aircraft for its intended role as it was easy to fly with predictable flying characteristics, despite the unusual two surface butterfly tail. 387 were eventually built for the French Air Force while several hundred others were built in France and under licence in Finland, Germany and Israel for a large number of export customers including West Germany, Belgium, Austria, Belgium, Lebanon and Cambodia. Total French production amounted to 622 (built mainly by Fouga's successors Potez, Sud Aviation and Aerospatiale), while IAI built 36, Finland's Valmet 62 and Germany's Flugzeug Union Sud 188.
The Magister was built in three versions - the initial CM 170-1, the CM 170-2 Super Magister with more powerful engines and ejection seats, and the navalised, carrier capable CM 175 Zéphyr. The French Navy took delivery of 30 arrester hook equipped Zéphyrs. The Magister remains in service in fairly large numbers, a number of nations having acquired examples second hand.