Canadair CL-41 Tutor

TYPE: Two seat advanced jet trainer


POWERPLANT: CL-41A - One 13.1kN (2950lb) Orenda licence built General Electric J85-CAN-J4 turbojet. CL-41G - One 11.8kN (2633lb) J85-CAN-40.

PERFORMANCE: CL-41 A - Max speed at 28,500ft 801 km/h (432kt). Service ceiling 43,000ft. Range 1000km (540nm).

WEIGHTS: Empty equipped 2220kg (4895lb), max takeoff 3532kg (7788ID).

DIMENSIONS: Wing span 11.13m (36ft 6in), length 9.75m (32ft Oin), height 2.84m (9ft 4in). Wing area 20.4m2 (220.0sq ft).

ACCOMMODATION: Seating for two, side-by-side.

ARMAMENT: Usually none in Canadian service. Malaysian (CL-41 G) aircraft were fitted with six hardpoints which could carry a total 1815kg (4000lb) of ordnance, including bombs, rockets, gun pods and air-to-air missiles.


HISTORY: Despite flying for the first time in 1960, and with the average age of those remaining in service being over three decades, the Canadair Tutor looks set to remain Canada's primary advanced trainer through to the end of the decade.
The Tutor was initially developed as a private venture due to a lack of official Canadian Government interest in the project. Regardless of the lack of support, development continued, resulting in a first flight on January 13 1960. This first prototype CL-41 was powered by a 10.8kN (2400lb) Pratt & Whitney JT12A-5 turbojet, while the design as a whole differed from most of its contemporaries in having side- by-side seating and a T tail. Another design feature is the two air- brakes on either side of the rear fuselage.
The Canadian Government ordered 190 production CL-41 s for the then Royal Canadian Air Force in September 1961 after evaluation of contemporary trainers. Unlike the prototype these production aircraft are powered by a General Electric J85 turbojet, built under licence in Canada by Orenda. In Canadian service the CL-41 is designated the CT-114 Tutor.
The 190 production Tutors were delivered between December 1963 and September 1966. More than 130 remain in Canadian Forces service, although a number are in storage. Principle operator of the Tutor is 2 Flying Training School at Moose Jaw in Saskatchewan, with whom pilots are trained up to 'wings' standard. Those pilots bound for fast jets then have further Tutor training. Other CT-114s are in service with the Central Flying School for instructor training. The most famous operator of the Tutor is the Snowbirds aerobatic display team whose aircraft are fitted with smoke generators. The only country outside Canada to operate the Tutor was Malaysia. The Royal Malaysian Air Force took delivery of 20 CL-41 Gs, which compared with the basic CL-41 were equipped with six hardpoints capable of carrying a range of armaments including rockets and bombs. Named the Tebuan, or Wasp, the CL-41 Gs were delivered in 1967-68, but were retired from service in the mid 1980s, due to fatigue and corrosion problems.


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