TYPE: Tactical transport and maritime patrol aircraft
COUNTRIES OF ORIGIN: Indonesia & Spain
POWERPLANTS: Two 1305kW (1750shp) General Electric CT7-9C turboprops, driving four bladed Hamilton Standard propellers.
PERFORMANCE: CN-235 M - Max cruising speed at 15,000ft 460km/h (248kt). Max initial rate of climb 1900ft/min. Service ceiling 26,600ft. Takeoff distance to 50ft at MTOW 1290m (4235ft). Range (srs 200) with max payload 1500km (810nm), with a 3550kg (7825lb) payload 4445km (2400nm).
WEIGHTS: CN-235 M - Operating empty 8800kg (19,400lb), max takeoff 16,500kg (36,375lb).
DIMENSIONS: CN-235 M - Wing span 25.81m (84ft 8in), length 21,40m (70ft 3in), height 8.18m (26ft 10in). Wing area 59.1m2 (636.1 sq ft).
ACCOMMODATION: CN-235 M - Flight crew of two, plus typically a loadmaster. Can accommodate 48 equipped troops or 46 paratroopers. CN-235MPA - Typical arrangement features two observer stations, two operator consoles and six passenger seats.
ARMAMENT: CN-235 MP & MPA - Six underwing hardpoints allow the carriage of antishipping missiles such as Exocet and Harpoon. MPA can be armed with two Mk 46 torpedoes.
OPERATORS: Botswana, Brunei, Chile, Ecuador, France, Gabon, Indonesia,Ireland, South Korea, Morocco, Panama, Papua New Guinea,Saudi Arabia, Spain, Turkey*, UAE.
HISTORY: CASA of Spain and Indonesia's IPTN specifically formed Airtech to jointly develop the CN-235 military transport and regional airliner.
With development shared equally between the two companies, prototypes, one in each country, were rolled out simultaneously on September 10 1983. The Spanish built prototype was the first to fly, taking to the skies for the first time on November 11 1983, while the Indonesian prototype flew for the first time on December 30 that year.
CN-235 final assembly lines are located in both Indonesia and Spain, but all other construction is not duplicated. CASA builds the centre and forward fuselage, wing centre section, inboard flaps and engine nacelles, while IPTN is responsible for the outer wings and flaps, ailerons, rear fuselage and tail.
Initial production was of the CN-235-10, subsequent and improved developments being the CN-235-100 and the current production -200, with more powerful engines and structural improvements respectively.
While commercial developments of the CN-235 (including the QC-quick change) have sold in modest numbers, the military CN-235M transport has been quite successful with over 160 in service with 17 countries. Features of the M include good field performance, a rearloading ramp and spacious interior. IPTN markets the aircraft as the Phoenix.
Both CASA and IPTN have also developed maritime patrol derivatives. CASA's CN-235 MP Persuader and IPTN's CN-235 MPA both have a Litton APS-504 search radar and FUR and ESM. The CN-235MPA can be identified by its leng the ned nose housing the radar.
Since the early 1990s CASA and IPTN have developed and marketed their own versions of the CN-235 separately. In mid 1995 CASA was studying a stretched CN-235.
Photos CASA CN-235